Tomato Practices

Scientific Name : Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.

Family : Solanaceae

Tomato is the edible berry of the plant, commonly known as a tomato plant. Growing worldwide with different Segments like Determinate, Indeterminate, Round, Oval, Cherry tomato and Big size tomato as well Tomato is the favorite food for all because used as Salad, slice, raw or cooked, Sauces, Ketchup and for making much Gravy. Tomatoes are a significant source of umami flavor. Numerous varieties of the tomato plant are widely grown in temperate climates across the world, with greenhouses allowing for the production of tomatoes throughout all seasons of the year.

Seed Per Gram

250 - 380 seeds

Seed Rate

120-170 g / ha

Season & Soil Requirement


May - June and November – December

Field Preparation

Nursery Preparation

Apply FYM 10 kg, Neem cake 1 kg, VAM 50 g, enriched Superphosphate 100 g and Furadon 10 g per square meter before sowing.

Field Preparation

Plough the land to fine tilth. Thoroughly prepare the field with the addition of FYM @ 25 t/ ha and form ridges and furrows at a spacing of 60 cm. Apply 2 kg/ha of Azospirillum and 2 kg/ha of Phosphobacteria by mixing with 50 kg of FYM. Irrigate the furrows and transplant 25 days old seedlings on the sides of ridges. Life irrigation to be given on 3rd day of planting.

Planting & Irrigation


75-90 x 45-60 cm


Main Field Irrigate in Weekly Intervals

Fertilizer & Irrigation

Basel Dose

FYM 25t/ha, NPK 50:250:100 kg/ha

Borax 10 kg and Zinc sulphate 50 kg/ha

Top Dressing

N and K each 150 kg/ha in 3 equal splits at 30, 45 and 60 days after planting.

Crop Care


Fruit Borer, Serpentine leaf miner, Leaf eating caterpillar, Whitefly, Thrips, Striped mealybug, Red spider mite, Pinworm


Damping Off, Early Blight, Fusarium wilt, Septoria Leaf Spot, Bacterial wilt Bacterial Leaf Spot, Tomato Mosaic Virus, Tomato Leaf Curl Virus, Tomato Spotted Wilt Disease



Depending on the variety, fruits become ready for first picking in about 60-70 days after transplanting. The stage of harvesting depends upon the purpose to which the fruits are to be used. Fruits are normally harvested early in the morning or evening. The fruits are harvested by twisting motion of hand to separate fruits from the stem. Harvested fruits should be kept only in basket or crates and keep it in shade. Since all the fruits do not mature at the same time, they are harvested at an interval of 4 days. Generally there will be 7-11 harvests in a crop life span.

Total Production (Yield)

The yield per hectare varies greatly according to variety, season, Planting Method and Soil. On an average, the yield varies from 19-24 t/ha. Hybrid varieties may yield up-to 48-58 t/ha.

Other Important Information Link

Method or Process of Harvesting

Important Note

This information varied to Temperature, Water, and Soil Condition. The general information that farmers get an idea that Agriculture and Particular seeds Work. So no need to take it as personal advice. We are not responsible if anything goes wrong with this data. This information we collected from our field.